analogWrite will never go below 0V or above 5V.  It will be a square wave with a certain duty cycle of 0 to 100 %..    Once I get my oscilloscope I will post pictures. 

127 : 50%:  05050505050505….

Above is how I did Pulse Width Modulation for the Raspberry Pi.  The commands I used were different than what I will use with Arduino.  Arduino does have analog pins.   They also have a digital pins with a ~ (tilde) next to them for PWM.  You can use analogWrite command. Now the difference is Arduino uses 0 to 255 or an 8 bit value for PWM.

0 = low = 0 volts
255 =  high = 5V volts

To do a 50% duty cycle you will use 127, which is about 1/2 of 255.   My example will use pin ~9.  I guess you could use 128. 

int ledRed = 9;
int dutyCycle = 127;

 void setup() {
    analogWrite(ledRed, dutyCycle)
}

Checkout my ard_motor_pwm project in the menu for a short video.